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4451. Sakia, Saqia, Saqiya, Sakieh or Sakiyeh : A kind of water wheel used in Egypt for lifting water up to two metres. It consists of a double-sided all metal wheel that has volute-shaped compartments within it. These compartments are open at the periphery of the wheel and curve inward toward a central opening around the axis. When the wheel revolves, water is scooped up at the outer edge and is discharged at the centre into a side trough. Usually the sakia is operated by animal-power but in more recent years internal combustion engines have come to be used for turning it.

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